Skip to content


Image result for Hurling concussionTraumatic brain injuries (TBI), also known as concussions, are impacts to the head that interrupt the normal function of the brain. Concussion is the most common but least serious type of brain injury. It is estimated that one in every 2,000 people will experience an episode of concussion requiring hospital treatment each year. However, the actual figure could be much higher, as many people do not seek treatment for concussion. Researchers from the World Health Organization estimated that the true number of people affected by concussion each year could be as high as one in 165.

In Ireland we are a sporting lot and having an understanding of how to assess a concussion can mean the difference for the person who has been injured. See this pdf for Concussion assessment on the side line.

Fellow players/coaches/parents: YOUR responsibility:

  • You MUST do your best to ensure that the player is removed from play in a safe manner, if you observe them displaying any of the visible clues or signs or symptoms of a suspected concussion.
  • You MUST NOT allow a player to play sport until they have completed the graduated return to play (GRTP) protocol if they are displaying signs or symptoms of a suspected concussion sustained while playing your (injury) sport or another sport.
  • You MUST ensure that the player is in the care of a responsible adult and inform them of the player’s suspected concussion.

Player: YOUR responsibility:

  • If you have symptoms of a suspected concussion you must STOP playing and INFORM medical and/or coaching staff immediately.
  • Be honest with yourself and those looking after you.
  • If you have symptoms of a suspected concussion sustained while playing your (injury) sport or any another sport, you MUST NOT play sport until you have completed the graduated return to play (GRTP) protocol.

According to the HSE, the leading causes of TBI include:

  • Falling, (off a wall, out of a window, jockeys off horses, off playground equipment)Concussion, Visual Performance Center, Pensacola
  • Car accidents (RTA’s with whiplash cause diffuse axonal shearing)
  • Playing contact sports GAA, Rugby, Football, Boxing, MMA (getting your “bell rung”)
  • Running into objects (like a pole, wall, or getting into a car or climbing up
  • Physical assault or attack

Most cases of concussion occur in children and teenagers aged five to 14, with the two most common causes being sporting and cycling accidents. Falls and motor vehicle accidents are a more common cause of concussion in older adults. People who regularly play competitive team sports such as football and rugby have a higher risk of concussion. Men are less likely to report a concussion and thus are more likely to suffer long-term effects. Culturally, concussions have been treated as somewhat casual—they are often referred to as “just a bump on the head,” or “part of the game”. However, a concussion or TBI is far from trivial.

How TBI Affects Patients

Most people with concussion do not require any treatment as they normally get better by themselves. However, they will require a period of careful monitoring, ranging from several days to several weeks, depending on the severity of the concussion.

Unfortunately a small percentage of people do not recover in the time frames, and their symptoms persist.

Symptoms and effects of concussions can affect physical coordination, cognitive function, memory, and even emotional state. Those with concussions often describe a period in which their personality was altered, or where they were “just not feeling” themselves anymore. This results from the brain seeking to return to normal function.

Concussions symptoms include:Image result for double vision concussion

  • Headache or Head Pressure
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness or Disorientation
  • Changes in balance
  • Changes in your ability to think
  • Sleep disturbances

The most serious cases of TBI involve secondary brain injury while an individual is recovering from a concussion. This is called “Second Impact Syndrome”. The key to recovering from TBI is early diagnosis and immediate treatment. Many patients brush off the effects of concussion without realizing that effective treatment and rehabilitation is available.

Be Sure to have your Skull and Cervical spine Examined by our Chiropractor!

call (021) 429 2445 TODAY!